Jumpungan (Giambelli, 1995)

Myths and historical data: Ki Dukuh Jumpungan

A myth relating the origin of the islands of Nusa Penida and Ceningan is told in the Usana Pule Nusa, Ki Dukuh Jumpungan.

The story recounts that once upon a time on Gunung Kiia lived a being endowed with exceptional power (sakti); his name was Ki Dukuh Jumpungan. One day he decided to test his might against the force of the God of Bali in order to verify who was the most powerful being. He then proceeded to challenge Mahadewa for Dukuh Jumpungan's first purpose was to destroy Gunung Toh­ Langkir (Gunung Agung) as this was the abode of the God in Bali. In this task he was followed by his grandson I Renggan. Jumpungan owned a boat (prahu) endowed with the power to create sea where once there was land; for, should this prahu touch land it would divide it, open wide and allow the sea in. The story recounts that at that time Nusa Penida did not exist as a separate entity and Bali and Lombok were connected by uninterrupted land.

As Ki Dukuh Jumpungan proceeded in his challenge, he began to sail his boat against the Balinese land. First the boat went to the north and opened the channel between Lombok and Nusa Penida. Then the prahu turned eastward and while reaching Padang it bent south. In this way it made the channel between Bali and Nusa Penida. The prahu turned eastward and while reaching Padang Bay it bent south. In this way it made the channel between Bali and Nusa Penida. The perahu then stopped in Padang where it produced the harbour.

Mahadewa was particularly annoyed by the challenge for Ki Dukuh Jumpungan's ultimate task was the destruction of Bali. He therefore kicked the perahu away and sent it southward. Eventually, as a result of the force of the God, the prahu capsized west of the Penida coast and produced the island of Ceningan, for it is said that the island shape is similar to that of a petrified prahu.

Even now this myth is regularly retold since in local eyes it enshrines the proper explanation for the existence of the small archipelago.


  • Giambelli, Rodolfo A. - Reciprocating with Ibu Pretiwi. Social organisations and the importance of plants, land and the ancestors in Nusa Penida, Department of Anthropology Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies The Australian National University. Canberra 1995, p.6

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