Ratu Gede Mecaling (Taksu, Dec 2009)

The Indonesian articles below, published in "Majalah Kebudayaan Bali" (Magazine of Balinese Culture) December 2009, expolore popular notions on Ratu Gede Mecaling and the various other household names (for the same deity from Nusa Penida?) such as Dalem Nusa, Dalem Sawang(an), Dalem Bungkut, Ratu Niyang Dalem Ped, Nusa Sakti, and other names associated with this mythology such as Ki Dukuh Jumpungan.

Prasasti Mrajan Bayuh Kidul (Arnita/Sidemen, 2003/2009)

Below text is the result of historian Ida Bagus Sidemen's critical research on various 'prasasti' (inscriptions) published in 2003 in a book called "Inventarisasi dan Transliterasi Prasasti di Nusa Penida, Dinas Kebudayaan Propinsi Bali, Denpasar, 2003″. This book deals with the following 'prasasti' from Nusa Penida: 1. Sekartaji, 2. Mrajan Pejenengan Aryya Kubontubuh, 3. Mrajan Dalem Miyukut; 4. Mrajan Bayuh Kidul; 5. Merajan Bhujangga Waisnawa & 6. Mrajan Aryya Kubon Tubuh.

Marikultur (Mudana Budha, 2005)

January 2005, I Wayan Mudana Budha (originally from Nusa Penida) presented his Magister thesis to Udayana University (Denpasar, Bali), on marine activities (Marikultur) on the north coast of Nusa Penida, amongst many others seaweed production and fishery, and the effects these activities have on the local economy and the environment, in particular coastal abrasion.

Bake, a sea monster from Suana (Weda Kusuma, 2002)

I Nyoman Weda Kusuma, in: 'Mitos Bake di Desa Suana, Nusa Penida', 2002, p.303-304, given the English title of 'Bake, the mythological monster at Suana', describes the mythological creature 'Bake' succinctly as an enormous being with black hair and terrifying face. According to the inhabitants of Suana, the monster lives in the sea east of their village and it is always on the lookout for victims around their village. He has a foul breath smelling of fish, which the inhabitants of the village are able to smell from a long distance.

Gaguritan Ratu Gede Mecaling, Karangasem, I (2007)

Below document is a narrative poem, probably based on one of the versions of the (Babad) Dukuh Jumpungan, originally written on lontar leaves. This gaguritan or 'kidung' is recited by the 'pewacen' during the Odalan of Pura Panataran Ped, when Rangda is 'diistanakan', i.e. given a place or 'palace' within the temple, by the dukun in the Mrajan temple at Ped, explains Nyoman Usana at Goa Gala-Gala, Lembongan.

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