Sidemen discovers Nusa Penida (1979-1980)

Below page is a showcase of photographs Ida Bagus Sidemen took in 1979-1980 during his trip to Nusa Penida together with Wayan Tagel Edi, who was to write a thesis on the Muslim community in Toyapakeh later on.

Sidemen visited the island in order to do research for his academic work, which would later be presented at Udayana University and partly published. Please, refer to articles elsewhere. The descriptions of pictures below (taken by both Sidemen and Tagel Edi) are considered 'preliminary', so comments and suggestions are more than welcome.

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1. "Toyapakeh: bajak kurus, singkal dari kayu uyung, pohon enau. Kerug is the term given to the horizontal handle, while tangkai (turas?) is the metal part of the plough entering the soil." (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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2. idem (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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3. idem (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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4. Kaping (Bahasa Nusa Penida), sailing vessels with a sail woven of palm fibres (Indonesan: serat pelapah pisang), Toyapakeh (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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5. Kaping (Bahasa Nusa Penida), sailing vessels with a sail woven of palm fibres (Indonesan: serat pelapah pisang), Toyapakeh (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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6. Gandrung dance performed at Banjar Bangun Urip, nowadays called Bangan Urip. Around 1890, Ida Pedanda Gede Punia (Bangli) was exiled to Nusa Penida as he poisoned the King of Bangli. He taught Tari Sanghyang Dedari (a religious dance, in which young girl performed who had not yet reached mentruation), which later became known as Gandrung (a secular dance). (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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7. Ngibing dance (secular), male dancers (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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8. idem (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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10. Ida Bagus Sidemen at Toyapakeh (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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12. Gandrung dance, crowd before the performance. (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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13. Gandrung dance: Gamelan Ungklik (Nusa Penidian) bronze 'Gender', called Rindik in Buleleng. (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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14. Gandrung dance: Gamelan Cungklik: what do the signs/insciptions mean? (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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15. Sacred Gandrung dance: outfit (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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16. Sacred Gandrung dance: outfit (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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17. Gandrung dance, performed before the Ngibing dance, at Sekolah Dasar Mentigi, the 'true performance' (pentas benaran). (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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28. Pura Penataran Ped, Patra Punggel, dari Buleleng, Sangsit (Pura Subak Seji), akihirnya mau dibuang (?) (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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29. Pohon Maja (Aegle marmelos), a tool to take water; Batukandik, house of the perbekel, where Sidemen was informed about Sugem Putih (cerita Goak Putih, 'witte kraai’), a bird with a beak of which the tip was white and the rest was red. (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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30. Ayah perbekel Batukandik around 1980, what is his name? (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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31. 'Jineng - loteng', place to sit and rest, facing south, Batukandik, owned by ayah perbekel. 'Tagel; ketela pohon, kacang tanah' (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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32. View of/to Batukandik. (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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 34. View down from Batukandik to northern beach terraced lanscape. (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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35. Pura Saab, a statue of Ganesha (Batara Gana); this was to prove that Siwa-siddhanta was the main Hindu sect by the people of Nusa Penida at the time. (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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 36. Klumpu, a village of the nobility: 'jineng', showing influences from mainland Bali. (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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38. "Manusia Kangkang, Bedugul Rong Kali (ruangan dua), meant to signify the ancestors (Ninth century) of Nusa Penida people". (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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39. Sidemen photographed with Carole Muller (far right) at 'Manusia Kankang', Batukandik. (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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42 tari Baris Jangkang, di Batununggul? (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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43 Gandrung, busana baru, penari besar (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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46 Baris Jangkang di Batununggul (image copyright Ida Bagus Sidemen, Denpasar)

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