Below page is a showcase of photographs Ida Bagus Sidemen took in 1979-1980 during his trip to Nusa Penida together with Wayan Tagel Edi, who was to write a thesis on the Muslim community in Toyapakeh later on.
Sidemen visited the island in order to do research for his academic work, which would later be presented at Udayana University and partly published. Please, refer to articles elsewhere. The descriptions of pictures below (taken by both Sidemen and Tagel Edi) are considered 'preliminary', so comments and suggestions are more than welcome.
1. "Toyapakeh: bajak kurus, singkal dari kayu uyung, pohon enau. Kerug is the term given to the horizontal handle, while tangkai (turas?) is the metal part of the plough entering the soil."
4. Kaping (Bahasa Nusa Penida), sailing vessels with a sail woven of palm fibres (Indonesan: serat pelapah pisang), Toyapakeh
5. Kaping (Bahasa Nusa Penida), sailing vessels with a sail woven of palm fibres (Indonesan: serat pelapah pisang), Toyapakeh
6. Gandrung dance performed at Banjar Bangun Urip, nowadays called Bangan Urip. Around 1890, Ida Pedanda Gede Punia (Bangli) was exiled to Nusa Penida as he poisoned the King of Bangli. He taught Tari Sanghyang Dedari (a religious dance, in which young girl performed who had not yet reached mentruation), which later became known as Gandrung (a secular dance).
7. Ngibing dance (secular), male dancers
10. Ida Bagus Sidemen at Toyapakeh
12. Gandrung dance, crowd before the performance.
13. Gandrung dance: Gamelan Ungklik (Nusa Penidian) bronze 'Gender', called Rindik in Buleleng.
14. Gandrung dance: Gamelan Cungklik: what do the signs/insciptions mean?
15. Sacred Gandrung dance: outfit
16. Sacred Gandrung dance: outfit
17. Gandrung dance, performed before the Ngibing dance, at Sekolah Dasar Mentigi, the 'true performance' (pentas benaran).
28. Pura Penataran Ped, Patra Punggel, dari Buleleng, Sangsit (Pura Subak Seji), akihirnya mau dibuang (?)
29. Pohon Maja (Aegle marmelos), a tool to take water; Batukandik, house of the perbekel, where Sidemen was informed about Sugem Putih (cerita Goak Putih, 'witte kraai’), a bird with a beak of which the tip was white and the rest was red.
30. Ayah perbekel Batukandik around 1980, what is his name?
31. 'Jineng - loteng', place to sit and rest, facing south, Batukandik, owned by ayah perbekel. 'Tagel; ketela pohon, kacang tanah'
32. View of/to Batukandik.
34. View down from Batukandik to northern beach terraced lanscape
35. Pura Saab, a statue of Ganesha (Batara Gana); this was to prove that Siwa-siddhanta was the main Hindu sect by the people of Nusa Penida at the time.
36. Klumpu, a village of the nobility: 'jineng', showing influences from mainland Bali.
38. "Manusia Kangkang, Bedugul Rong Kali (ruangan dua), meant to signify the ancestors (Ninth century) of Nusa Penida people".
39. Sidemen photographed with Carole Muller (far right) at 'Manusia Kankang', Batukandik.