The latest news on the Jatropha farmers in Nusa Penida, Klungkung, who suffer from continuous sultry weather should receive more appreciation. The cultivation of Jatropha trees (Jatropha curcas) was promoted by the Bali Provincial Government and a number of journalists and technicians were invited to see a Jatropha plantation in Cirebon, West Java, December 2006.
Sperm brought into Nusa Penida from elsewhere and inbreeding are the culprits. The Nusa Penida Cattle is on the verge of extinction if no measures are taken, say LIPI and Udayana University, who claim a separate sperm bank on Nusa should be set up. The Regency Government of Klungkung disagrees, but stresses that continued 'genetic screening' of sperm brought into Nusa Penida is necessary.
Below article is an attempt at tree identification for Nusa Penida (Bali - Indonesia), following, amongst others, a publication by Ni Komang Ayu Astiti & Dariusman Abdillah (2005), entitled: 'Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Alam untuk Mendukung Kegiatan Religi dari Manusia Prasejarah di Pulau Nusa Penida'. Sources include: Barwick, 2004; Heyne, 1950, The Plant List, please refer to data below.
Below article is an attempt at identifying Ficus species in Nusa Penida. This list is based on the Ficus species found in Indonesia as described by Dutch botanist Karel Heyne (De Nuttige Planten van Indonesië, The Useful Plants of Indonesia, 1950), because from his collection at least some of the described species can theoretically be found there. Of course, Heyne must have omitted Ficus species with no specific benefit for humans in this list. Therefore, additional information on the Ficus species is provided by Margaret Barwick (2004) and other reliable sources. The Plant List (www.theplantlist.org) serves as arguably the most scientific database for nomenclature, retrieved October 2015. All synonyms, be they accepted, illegitimate, in review or unresolved, are given below according to this list. Please, refer to these and other sources at the bottom of this page.
Plant names in Nusa Penida Dialect: A preliminary Study
Professor I Ketut Darma Laksana, during the Third International Seminar on Austronesian Languages and Literatures (PPS Ling. Udayana University), held in Bali 19-20 July 2010, concisely discussed the use of plant names in 'Nusa Penidian', the Bali Aga dialect on the island Nusa Penida. The English in the article below has been adapted to enhance readability, and additional remarks by the author are introduced in square brackets.