Botany (1923-1941)

Botany on Nusa Penida between 1923-1941

Below document is an attempt at rendering the botanical findings of writers and researchers on Nusa Penida between 1924-1941 in a structured manner. Please, refer to sources at the bottom of this page.

bunut

image: a 'Bunut' tree (Ficus spp), with elaborate root system, the leaves of which are used as cow fodder.
 

Latin

name: other specification, desription, use, comments etc. location source date
Acacia Farnesiana   Bush with fragrant yellow “mimosa-like” pellet (globulet). Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Acanthaceae (Leguminosea?)   Striped violet calyce, would be good in a nice garden: hedged covered in soft lilac calyces Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Aegle Marmelos slijmappel   Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Aleurites moluccana Candlenut; Kemiri-noot If candlenuts are roasted, stamped and mixed with a little water, it provides dark to black dye.   A.Gertis 1924
Antidesma Woeni some trees near villages Tanglad - Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Ardisia humilis   pink, starlike flowers Mundi vicinity C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Atropa belladonna (uncertain?)   Tall blueish-white stiff flowers that look like giant-hiacynths made of porcelain and from which, I am told, belladonna is got. Suana-Pejukutan Claire Holt 1935
Baccaurea ssp. /Andropogon Nardus Kepundung, Menteng From the Kepundung and Tiba trees not only the ripe fruits are eaten, but also the bark serves to produce red dye.   A.Gertis 1924
Bischofia javanica     Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Blepharis maderaspatensis (Acanthacea)   thorny leaves, big light-coloures lilac flowers Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Boerhaavia (Leguminosea)   faint lilac blooming, all over Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Buddleia asiatica     Mundi vicinity C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Caesalpinia Crista (C.pulcherrima: Peacock flower; Bunga merak) thorny Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Calystegia sepium (Convulvulaceae) Bindweed; Heggewinde   Tanglad - Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Capparis     Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Ceiba pentandra (Malvaceae) Kapok tree, Java Cotton; Kapokboom     A.Gertis 1924
Cerodendron Buchanani   bright red flowers Tanglad - Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae)   member of the grape family Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Clerodendron inerme     Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Cocos nucifera (tree) Coconut tree, Kokospalm very common, seemingly the only tree at high altitudes Tanglad - Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Commelina paleuta/communis Hemeloogje (NL) blue flowers Tanglad - Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Crotolaria ochroleuca Rattler Used as green fertilizer in corn fields. Does not grow successfully on NP. [One-year scrub to 1,5 m high, yellow flowers of 1cm, rattling seedpods, growing period of 70 days, from East Africa]   Jacobs 1935
Curcuma domestica (Zingiberaceae) Tumeric, Koenjirplant The sap, wich is stamped out of the roots of the plant, gives all kinds of yelklow, depending on the quantity of water added.   A.Gertis 1924
Durion zibethinus (Malvacea) Durian/Doerian     A.Gertis 1924
Euphorbia atoto   Beach euphorbia Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Euphorbia Ipomoea pes caprae   Beach euphorbia Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Euphorbia plemerioides   Bending and winding stem/trunk pressed against the stones; old leaves are red; so far only known in Papua, in Maluku and Java used at graveyards; in Lombok used in hedge-fence. Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Ficus     Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Ficus Benjamina Weeping Fig; Waringin     A.Gertis 1924
Ficus ssp.? Bunut/Boenoet     A.Gertis 1924
Garuga pinnata (tree)   on limestone slopes Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Gossypium obtusifolium (Malvaceae) Cotton tree; Kapas tree; Boomwol     A.Gertis 1924
Guettarda speciosa   Fragrant, white flowers Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Gyrocarpus americanus(tree)   On limestone slopes, tree with shiny, grey-brown trunk, winged fruit like a maple (ahorn). Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Hibiscus hirtus (Malvacea)   Bright pink flowers, changing colour to white later on Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Hyptus suaveolens   at nearly 500m altitude, all other vegetation gone Mundi vicinity C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Imperata cylindrica Blady grass, Cogon grass; Alang-alang     A.Gertis 1924
Josephinia   surprise at 300m, should grow alongside the beach Tanglad vicinity C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Josephinia imperatricis   flowering resemble Foxglove Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Lantana   Near-white flowers; Lantana with white flowers: the throat of the flower appears, at closer inspection, faintly yellow. Moreover, she says, the plants seems altogether stronger than the orange or pink flowered plants, its thorns are bigger and more densely distributed, so not merely a colour variation, since also the underleaflets (surroundng the actual flower, beneath) are distinctly narrower than pink/orange coloured Lantana. She takes some cuttings with her to Bali. (p.165) Mundi – Toyapake C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Lourea abcordata   at nearly 500m altitude, all other vegetation gone Mundi vicinity C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Lourea obcordata (Leguminosea)   creeper with purple flowers, small, thick, round pods Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Lumnitzera   in small bay, repr. of vloedblosch (mangrove?) Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Malilkara zapota/Kauki (Sapotaceae) Caqui, Wongi (Australia); Sawo     A.Gertis 1924
Melastoma malabathricum   ubiquitous elsewhere in the archipelago, is totally absent here. (p.164) totally absent on Nusa Penida C.N.A. de Voogd Nov-36
Morinda citrifolia/tinctoria Indian Mulberry; Sunti, Soenti (Bal); Kudu, Mengkudu (Jav./Indo.) Bark and root of this tree were used for dye (dark colour), much sought after in Tenganan (Karangasem), only in Nusa Penida. ?? no determination, possibly already gone? Soekardjo 1931
Morinda citrifolia/tinctoria Indian Mulberry; Sunti, Soenti (Bal); Kudu, Mengkudu (Jav./Indo.); Tiba-boom From the Kepundung and Tiba trees not only the ripe fruits are eaten, but also the bark serves to produce red dye.   A.Gertis 1924
Opuntia Paddle cactus   Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Opuntia Paddle cactus   general   Helbig, 1941
Pemphis acidula   In small bays, representative of mangrove forests ('vloedblosch'). Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Polanisia viscosa (Leguminosea)   yellow, all over Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Pongamia glabra (tree)   on limestone slopes Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Protium javanicum Trenggoelon   Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Pterospermum javanicum Bajoer/Bayur   Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Salsola Kali   salt-water edge plant Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Salvia occidentalis   very common weed Tanglad - Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Schleichera oleosa Kesambi   Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Scolopia     Mundi vicinity C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Spathoglottis   at nearly 500m altitude, all other vegetation gone Mundi vicinity C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Spinifex squarrosus   creeper, along steep coral sand Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Sterculia foetida (tree)   on limestone slopes Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Stylosanthes sundaica (Leguminosea)   sticky plant, jagged pods Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Syzygium acumini, Eugenia acumini Juwat fruit in taste somewhere between a slee and plum   Helbig 1939
Syzygium/Eugenia Flacourtia   thorny bush, small shiny green leaves Sampalan to Tanglad; Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Tamarindus indica? Asemboom slanting to the northwest, looking like a broomstick Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Tephrosia candida White hoary pea, White Tephrosia Tried as experiment by gov. [Erect shrub up to ca 2.5 m tall, branches with silky-rusty hairs. Leaflets 13-27, blades narrowly ovate, apex acute or obtuse, 2.5-7.5 cm x 0.6-1.3 cm, glabrous above, pubescent below. Racemes terminal and lateral, up to ca 25 cm long, flowers white, 2-2.5 cm long; calyx 5-8 mm long, lobes shorter than tube, densely hairy. Pods 6-10 cm x 0.8-0.9 cm, densely clothed with rusty, occasionally grey hairs." (Stanley and Ross, 1989; vol. 1, p. 294). White flowers, from India, Nepal.   Jacobs 1935
Thevetia meriifolia   Some trees near villages, Poisonous, ornamental, narrow leaves, yellow calyce-like flowers. Tanglad - Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Tribulus cistoides Indische Zonneroosje (NL) Widely spread, golden-yellow flowers in midst of short grass or bare sand. Known from Prepapatagng, NWBali Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Trichodesma zeylandium (Borraginaceae)   one very big plant only, blue flowers Tanglad vicinity C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Wedelia asperrima   yellow flowers Tanglad - Mundi C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Woodfordia floribunda   fairly red, small flowers Sampalan to Tanglad C.N.A. de Voogd November, 1936
Zizyphus Jujuba Bekul Tree, Chinese Date? Thorny tree whose branches are used in Nanem/Mendem or Makingsan Sawa rituals (entrusting with the corpse): after a person has dies, his body is entrusted to Pretiwi and buried after series of rituals by priest. Grave is covered with branches as protection against dogs and leaks Sampalan to Tanglad; Sakti C.N.A. de Voogd; R.A.Giambelli November 1936; 2002

Notes - Toyapakeh is situated, according to C.N.A. de Voogd, on the western tip of the island (p.165)

Source

  • Barwick, Margaret - Tropical & Subtropical Trees, a Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide, Thames & Hudson, United Kingdom, 2004, 484pp.
  • Gertis, A. – Enkele aantekeningen omtrent Noesa Penida, in: ‘Jaarverslag van de Topografische Dienst in Nederlandsch-Indië over 1924’, twintigste jaargang, “Weltevreden” Topografische Inrichting, 1925
  • Giambelli, Rodolfo A. - Reciprocity, death and the regeneration of life and plants in Nusa Penida (Bali), in: The potent dead, Ancestors, saints and heroes in contemporary Indonesia, publ. Allan & Unwin, Crows Nest, Australia, 2002, p.48-68
  • Helbig, Karl – Noesa Penida, Het "Bandieteneiland", in Tropisch Nederland, Veertiendaags Tijdschrift ter Verbreidng van Kennis omtrent Nederlandsch Oost- en West-Indië. Onder redactie van Prof.Dr. A.W.Nieuwenhuis, Dr.Z.Kamerling, S.A.Reitsma, Prof.Dr.B.G.Escher en C.K.Kesler, Uitg.J.H.de Bussy, Amsterdam, XIe jaargang afl.21 (6 februari 1939), p.329-333, & afl.22 (20 Februari 1939) p.343-347
  • Helbig, Karl - Nusa Penida, eine tropische Karstinsel, Hamburg-Blankensee. Mit 2 Textfiguren und 2 Tafeln, Abb. 1-6; In: Mitteilungen der Graphischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, Band 47 (1941), Mitteilungen XI.VII, Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land en Volkenkunde, 4-3-1988 (j-285-/1/), p.393-409
  • Heyne, Karel - De Nuttige Planten van Indonesië, Parts I (p.1-1450) and II (p.1451-1660 & list of scientific names p.I-CCXII), H.Veenman & zonen, Wageningen, 1950
  • Holt, Claire – Bandit Island, A short exploration trip to Noesa Penida, in: DJÅWÅ, Tjdschrift van het Java-Instituut, onder redactie van R.A. Prof.Dr. Hoesein Djajadiningrat, J.Kats, S.Koperberg en M.Soeriadiradja, Redactie-Secretaris: Dr.Th.P.Galestein, Zestiende jaargang, Java-Instituut, Jogjåkartå, (Java), N.O.I., 1936
  • Jacobs, H.K. – Memorie van Overgave der Onderafdeeling Kloengkoeng van den Controlleur van Kloenkoeng, Gouvernement Groote Oost, Bali en Lombok, A Zuid Bali, Kloengkoeng, (aftredenden/afgetreden controleur), 71pp. /Tabn/foto's, 15 juni 1935
  • Soekardjo – Noesa Penida (een misdeeld eiland), door Soekardjo, adjunct Landbouwconsulent te Tabanan (Zuid-Bali), in: Vamola, Tijdschrift uitgegeven door de Vereeniging van Ambtenaren van Middelbare opleiding bij de Landbouw- en Aanverwante Diensten, Tweede jaargang, no.5, september 1931, p.1-33: ill/map
  • Voogd, C.N.A. de – Een tocht naar Noesa Penida, in: De Tropische Natuur, Orgaan van de Nederlandsch-Indische Natuurhistorische Vereeniging, onder redactie van M.A. Lieftinck met medewerking van Dr.G.G.G.J. van Steenis voor het Botanisch Gedeelte, Jaargang XXVI, 1937, p.161-165

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