Nusa Penida: historical research


This website encompasses the history of the island group of Nusa Penida (Nusa Gede, Nusa Ceningan & Nusa Lembongan), sibling to mainland Bali, Indonesia.

The Bali Starling/Myna (Leucopsar rothschildi) - Bali's fabled mascot, almost at the brink of extinction - named after Lionel Walter Rothschild (1868-1937), found a new home on Nusa Penida in 2006. The discovery of this cheerful and sympathetic bird's new habitat on Nusa Penida was the start of research into its history in 2007.

This website is dedicated to Balinese historian Njoman Djelada, alias G(h)ora Sirikan (1906-1970), a hard-working writer and historian and a charismatic personality, whose talents were not fully appreciated during his lifetime. The author greatly enjoys his 'Sedjarah Bali' (History of Bali) and thinks it deserves the attention of an international audience. You will find this work in various stages published on this site.

Celebrating its 14th anniversary in 2021, this website is best viewed on a desktop computer.

Author G.Dijkman welcomes input, feedback and critial notes, see Facebook page Nusa Penida history. Enjoy!

WANTED - The author is looking for below titles, and would love to hear from you.

Anello, Barbara (..) - Indonesian Folk Tales - The Yogi in Nusa Penida

- Gara, I Wayan (1984) - Kamus Bahasa Bali Dialek Nusa Penida - Indonesia

- Rahaja, Firman  (19..?) - Pengembara dari Nusa Penida - fiction, 128pp, Jakarta Cinta Media

- Suada, I Nyoman (2005) - Selayang Pandang Nusa Penida, ditinjau dari perspektif sejarah, Denpasar: Yayasan Dewata

- Tagel, Wayan Edy (?), ketua Program Studi Sejarah UNUD, Thesis on Toyapakeh Islam


Below list is a way of expressing the author's gratitude to the writers, scholars, researchers, men of letters, nature conservationists, informants, language specialists, archaeologists, web designers, historians, journalists and all those who have shared their knowledge on Nusa Penida (in alphabetical order).

Sejarah Bali I-IV: Majapahit

This article is a rendering of 'Sedjarah Bali'; written by Njoman Djelada, also known as G(h)ora Sirikan, in 1956. It follows the contents of these three volumes as rewritten (copied) by Made Dangin in 27 February 1965, as no earlier versions to date have been found. To the best of my knowledge, Made Dangin’s version is the earliest full rewritten copy of these volumes. The old spelling has been adapted to modern Indonesian spelling (Ejaan Yang Disempurnakan); Ç/ç = S/s; square brackets are mine (GD).

Interview Pos Bali (July 2014)

Journalist Agus Komang Widiantara came over to Ubud (FNPF office) for an interview for Pos Bali on the investigations on the history of Nusa Penida, July 2014. Below follows the result, on the front page of this local newspaper of 30 & 31 July 2014. An English translation is presented directly below (by Widiantara, translation into English by Olwin Aldila; source, see below).

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