Bird potential (Sudaryanto, 2008)

Below article is a preliminary rendering of Biologist Sudaryanto's endeavours in describing the potential of birds in Nusa Penida, including habitat, seaweed species, general fauna & insects (2008). Sudaryanto is a biologist at Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia. The full article is forthcoming.

Bird species in Nusa Penida (table below)

No. Scientific Name Indonesian Fieldguide (MacKinnon, 1992) No. & Plate nr.
1 Aegithina tiphia Cipoh kacat 494,57
2 Amaurornis phoenicurus Kareo padi 157,18
3 Anthreptes malacensis Burung-madu Kelapa 755,83
4 Apus affinis Kapinis rumah 365,42
5 Arachnothera longirostra Pijantung kecil 766,84
6 Artamus leucorhynchus Kekep babi 736,80
7 Cacatua sulphurea parvula Kakatua-kecil jambil-kuning 284,35
8 Centropus bengalensis Bubut alang-alang 316,38
9 Chalcophaps indica Delimukan zamrud 279,34
10 Collocalia esculenta Walet sapi 358,42
11 Collocalia fucifaga Walet sarang-putih 354,42
12 Collocalia maxima Walet sarang-hitam 355,42
13 Copsychus saularis Kucica kampung 621,70
14 Corvus macrorhynchos Gagak kampung 552,63
15 Cypsiurus balasiensis Walet-palem Asia 366,42
16 Delichon dasypus Layang-layang rumah 477,54
17 Dendrocopus macei Caladi ulam 442,50
18 Dicrurus hottentottus Srigunting jambul-rambut 534,61
19 Dicrurus macrocercus Srigunting hitam 529,61
20 Dicaeum maugei Cabai Lombok 785,85
21 Dicaeum trochileum Cabai Jawa 789,85
22 Ducula aenea Pergam hijau 264,33
23 Ducula bicolor Pergam laut 265,33
24 Egretta sacra Kuntul karang 40,5
25 Falco moluccensis Alap-alap sapi 118,12
26 Fregata ariel Cikalang kecil 31,4
27 Fregata andrewsi Cikalang Chiristmas 29,4
28 Gallus gallus Ayam-hutan merah 141,17
29 Gallus varius Ayam-hutan hijau 142,17
30 Geopelia striata Perkutut Jawa 278,34
31 Gerygone sulphurea Remetuk laut 647,73
32 Haliaeetus leucogaster Elang-laut perut-putih 88,9
33 Haliastur indus Elang bondol 87,9
34 Hemipus hirundinaceus Jinjing batu 479,55
35 Hirundo tahitica Layang-layang batu 474,54
36 Hirundo rustica Layang-layang api 473,54
37 Hypotymis azurea Kehicap ranting 719,79
38 Lalage sueurii Kapasan sayap-putih 486,55
39 Lanius schach Bentet kelabu 739,80
40 Leucopsar rothschildi Jalak Bali 748,82
41 Lichmera limbata Isap-madu Indonesia 774,84
42 Limnodromus scolopaceus Trinil-lumpur paruh-panjang 203,22
43 Lonchura molucca Bondol taruk 812,87
44 Lonchura leucogastroides Bondol Jawa 810,87
45 Lonchura punctulata Bondol peking 813,87
46 Lophozosterops javanicus Opior Jawa 797,86
47 Merops leschenaulti Kirik-kirik senja 392,46
48 Merops philippinus Kirik-kirik laut 393,46
49 Nectarinia jugularis Burung-madu sriganti 761,83
50 Numenius arquata Gajahan besar 184,22
51 Numenius phaeopus Gajahan pengala 185,22
52 Oriolus chinensis Kepudang kuduk-hitam 538,62
53 Orthotomus sepium Cinenen Jawa 666,75
54 Pachycephala grisola Kancilan bakau 725,80
55 Parus major Gelatik-batu kelabu 555,64
56 Passer montanus Burung-gereja Erasia 800,88
57 Phaeton lepturus Buntut sate putih 16,2
58 Phylloscopus trivirgatus Cikrak daun 655,73
59 Prinia familiaris Perenjak Jawa 672,75
60 Ptilinopus melanospila Walik kembang 262,32
61 Pycnonotus aurigaster Cucak kutilang 509,58
62 Pycnonotus goiavier Merbah cerukcuk 514,59
63 Rhipidura javanica Kipasan belang 718,79
64 Spilornis cheela Elang-ular bido 93,11
65 Sterna albifrons Dara-laut kecil 244,29
66 Sterna anaethetus Dara-laut batu 242,29
67 Streptopelia bitorquata Dederuk Jawa 276,34
68 Streptopelia chinensis Tekukur biasa 277,34
69 Sturnus melanopterus Jalak putih 747,82
70 Todirhampus chloris Cekakak sungai 389,45
71 Todirhampus sanctus Cekakak suci 390,45
72 Treron vernans Punai gading 257,32
73 Tringa hypoleucos Trinil pantai 199,23
74 Turnix suscitator Gemak loreng 148,15
75 Zozterops chloris Kacamata laut 796,86
76 Zosterops montanus Kacamata gunung 794,86
77 Zosterops palpebrosus Kacamata biasa 790,86

Habitat of the Bali Starling in Nusa Penida (table below)

antidesma-bunius-01antidesma-bunius-03antidesma-bunius-07

Images above: Antidesma bunius (Nusa Penida/Balinese: Buni; Indonesian: Hooni, Wooni; English: Currant tree, Bignay), photographs by Godi Dijkman, Ring Sameton Inn, Nusa Penida, July 2014, featuring: Putu Sumantra.

No. Scientific Name Indonesian
1 Alstonia scholaris pule
2 Anacardium occidentale jambu monyet
3 Antidesma bunius buni
4 Arenga pinnata aren
5 Artocarpus altilis kluwih
6 Artocarpus heterophylla nangka
7 Avicennia marina api-api
8 Cocos nucifera kelapa
9 Euphorbia tirucali kayu urip
10 Azadirachta indica (alt. Ficus sp?) angih
11 Ficus sp pungak-pungak
12 Ficus rumphii ancak
13 Ficus glabella bunut
14 Gliricidia sepium gamal
15 Hibiscus sinensis waru
16 Jatropha curcas jarak pagar
17 Lannea grandis santan
18 Lantana camara krasi
19 Leucaena glauca lamtara
20 Mangifera indica mangga
21 Manihot utillisima singkong
22 Muntingia calabura singapur
23 Musa paradisiaca pisang
24 Psidium sp kampuak
25 Plumeria acuminata kamboja
26 Sesbania grandifolia tuwi
27 Swietenia macrophylla mahoni
28 Syzgium cumini duwet
29 Tamarindus indica asam
30 Tectona grandis jati (emas)

Seaweed species in Nusa Penida (table below)

Eucheuma spinosum - spinosum
Eucheuma cottonii - katoni
Glacilaria

Fauna in Nusa Penida (table below)

Scientific Name Indonesian English
Chelonia mydas Penyu hijau Green sea trutle
Chromis sp Ikan laut Damselfish
Creobroter sp Belalang sembah Flower mantises
Lumba-lumba Oceanic dolfin
Eretmochelys imbricata Penyu sisik Hawksbill sea turtle
Hemidactylus frenatus Cecak Common house gecko
Geometridae (familia) Ulat Geometer moths (caterpillar)
Isoptera (ordo) Rayap Termites
Oecophylla smaradigna Kroto semut merah Weaver ants
Manta birostris Manta ray Manta ray
Mola-mola Mola-mola Ocean sunfish
Pheretima sp Cacing tanah Earthworms
Phyton molurus Ular piton Indian python
Priolepis sp Ikan laut Gobies
Pseudochromis sp Ikan laut Dottybacks
Trimma sp Ikan laut Gobies

Insects di Nusa Penida (table below)

Latin Indonesian Engish
Blattodea (ordo) kecoa cockroaches
Coleoptera (ordo) jenis-jenis kumbang beetles
Diptera (ordo) lalat rumah, lalat buah, jenis-jenis nyamuk flies
Hemiptera (ordo) tonggeret, kutu lomcat, kutu daun, kutu putih etc. true bugs
Isoptera (ordo) rayap termites
Lepidoptera (ordo) jenis-jenis Kupu-kupu, ngengat butterflies, moths
Hymenoptera (ordo) jenis-jenis semut & lebah ants, bees, sawflies & wasps
Mantodea (ordo) belalang sembah mantises
(ordo) jenis-jenis capung dragonflies (Anasiroptera/Epiprocta), damselflies (Zygoptera)
Orthoptera (ordo) jenis-jenis Belalang, jangkrik dsb grasshoppers etc.
Phasmatodea (ordo) - stick insects, leaf insects
Psocoptera (ordo) kutu kulit kayu (yang out door, yang indoor, kutu buku) booklice
Psocoptera: familia Stenopsocidae: genus Taeniostigma    
Psocoptera: Myopsocidae Myopsocus (genus)  
Ectopsocidae (familia) Ectopsocus (genus) bark lice
Caeciliuscidae (familia) Caecilius (genus)  
Pachytroctidae (familia) Tapinella (genus)  
Lepidopsocidae (familia) Lepidopsocus, Echmipteryx (genus)  
Archipsocidae (familia) Archipsocus (genus) bark lice
Hemipsocidae (familia) Hemipsocus (genus)  
Amphientomidae (familia) Tineomorpha (genus) moths?
Pseudocaeceliidae (familia) Pseudocaecelius (genus)  
Pseudocotiella    
Epipsocidae (familia) Epipsocopsis (genus)  
Peripsocidae (familia) Peripsocus (genus)  
Phylotarsidae (familia) Aaronniella (genus)  

Reference

  • MacKinnon, John; in collaboration with Paul Andrew and Frank Rozendaal, illustrations by Karen Philipps - A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali, the Greater Sunda Islands; Birdlife Indonesia Programme, Oxford University Press, March 1993
  • MacKinnon, John; Karen Philipps, Bas van Balen - Burung-burung di Sumatera, Jawa, Bali dan Kalimantan, Termasuk Sabah, Sarawak dan Brunei Darussalam (Seri Panduan Lapangan); Puslitbang Biologi LIPI, Seri Panduan Lapangan; Birdlife Indonesia Programme, LIPI; Maret 1992

Source

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