Bali starling release TNBB (Antaranews, 2011)

The article below describes efforts by West Bali National Park (TNBB) to increase the wild population of the Bali starling, and facilitate ex-situ breeding. Noteworthy details: currently there are 37 starlings in the wild and some additional 147 birds in breeding facilities at TNBB. The article was published Thursday 2 June 2011 online on Antara News (see source below). Translation of the original Indonesian text by Godi Dijkman follows below.

Bali starling released into the wild

Denpasar (ANTARA News) - Thursday 2 June 2011, Bali Governor Made Mangku Pastika released a pair of Bali starlings (Leucopsar rothschildi) into its habitat in West Bali National Park (TNBB), Jembrana & Buleleng regency, approximately 90 kilometres from Denpasar. "Also, four pairs were bred in TNBB, in an attempt to rapidly increase the population of the Bali starling, mascot of Balinese fauna currently on the brink of extinction", says I Gede Nyoman Wiranatha, Head of Bali Province Forestry Department, accompanying the Governor during a working visit to West Bali.

priyambodo-balistarling-2011Image (right): A Bali starling undergoes antiseptic treatment in breeding facilities prior to release into the wild. (antarabali.com)

He states that the Bali starlings released into the wild and those reared are the result of ex-situ breeding in cages, carried out carefully and with perseverance by the Bali Safari & Marine Park (Taman Bali Safari).

Previously, Forestry Minister Zulkifli Hasan also released five pairs Bali starling in the area of Brumbun (TNBB). The birds, with a beautiful crest and of a melodious and sweet sound, were equipped with transmitter rings so that these birds could be closely monitored.

The released birds were given time to adapt for various days in the TNBB, i.e. through a system of semi-closed cages, informs Gede Wiranatha. He explains that the Bali starling population in its natural habitat TNBB is estimated at 37 birds, whilst there are approximately 147 birds in breeding facilities at TNBB.

Bali Provincial Government is currently dong its best at increasing the Bali starling population both in the wild and in breeding enclosures. This is done as the Bali starling has been included into appendix I of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species) as critically endangered.

The efforts of releasing these endemic birds into the wild and breeding them aim at increasing the population of this unique bird. With the help of the local population and Taman Bali Safari, it is hoped that the population of this beautiful bird with a sweet and melodious song will increase, both in the wild and in the breeding facilities.

For good breeding results and more releases, a suitable natural environment is required. The only natural habitat for the Bali starling is located in the TNBB between Teluk Brumbun and Teluk Kelor, where there are White-bark Acacias (Acacia leucophloe; Pilang) and Schoutenia ovata (Walikukun) to roost and sleep. Other trees are Grewia sp (Grewia koordersiana / koordensis [?]; Talok), Albizia sp. (Albizia lebbeckioides; tekik), Indian gosseberry (phyllantus emblica; Kemloko), Schleira oleosa (Kesambi) and Neem, Nim or Indian Lilac (Azadiracta indica; Intaran). On these trees caterpillars, ants and termites are found, food for the Bali starling.

Trees used for nesting are Terminalia sp. (Terminalia microcarpa; Klumprit), Hairy-leafed molave (Vitex pubescens; Laban), Grewia sp (Grewia koordersiana / koordensis [?]; Talok) and Schoutenia ovata (Walikukun), says Gede Wiranatha. (T.I006/M008)

Source

* original Indonesian text*

Jalak Bali Dilepas ke Alam Bebas

Gambar: Jalak Bali mendapat perawatan antiseptik dalam penangkaran sebelum dilepas ke alam bebas. (antarabali.com)

Denpasar (ANTARA News) - Gubernur Bali, Made Mangku Pastika, melepas sepasang burung jalak bali (leocopsar rothschildi) di habitatnya di Taman Nasional Bali Barat, Kabupaten Jembrana dan Buleleng, atau 90 kilometer barat Denpasar, Kamis. "Selain itu, empat pasang lainnya ditangkarkan dalam kawasan Taman Nasional Bali Barat (TNBB), sebagai upaya mempercepat meningkatkan populasi maskot fauna Bali yang kini berada diambang kepunahan," kata Kepala Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Bali, I Gede Nyoman Wiranatha, yang mendampingi kunjungan kerja gubernur ke Bali barat.

Ia mengatakan, burung jalak Bali yang dilepas ke alam bebas dan ditangkarkan itu merupakan hasil pengembangbiakan dalam penangkaran yang dilakukan secara tekun dan teliti oleh Bali Safari & Marine Park (Taman Bali Safari).

Sebelumnya, Menteri Kehutanan, Zulkifli Hasan, juga pernah melepas sepuluh ekor (lima pasang) jalak putih di habitatnya sekitar daerah Brumbun TNBB. "Si jambul indah" yang bersuara merdu tersebut sebelum dilepas terlebih dulu dipasangi cincin pemancar di bagian kakinya, dengan harapan keberadaannya terus bisa dipantau.

Burung endemik yang dilepas itu sebelumnya sudah melalui masa adaptasi beberapa hari di TNBB, yakni dengan jalan ditempatkan pada sangkar sistem buka-tutup, tutur Gede Wiranatha.

Ia menjelaskan, populasi burung jalak Bali di habitatnya di TNBB diperkirakan 37 ekor, sementara di penangkaran dalam kawasan TNBB sekitar 147 ekor.

Pemprov Bali melakukan berbagai upaya untuk meningkatkan populasi burung jalak Bali di alam bebas maupun penangkaran. Hal itu dilakukan karena burung jalak Bali oleh Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), telah memasukkan ke dalam "list appendix 1 CITES" atau masuk kategori satwa yang terancam punah.

Berbagai upaya yang dilakukan pelepasliarkan dan disangkarkan diharapkan mampu penyelamat burung endemik sekaligus meningkatkan populasi burung unik itu.

Dengan berbagai upaya yang dilakukan, termasuk dukungan dan peranserta masyarakat maupun Taman Bali Safari diharapkan populasi "Si jambul indah" yang bersuara merdu itu terus berkembang, baik di alam bebas maupun penangkaran.

Untuk keberhasilan penangkaran dan kelak juga diliarkan kembali, harus sesuai dengan habitat alamnya. Habitat burung jalak Bali hanya satu-satunya di TNBB antara Teluk Brumbun dan Teluk Kelor terdapat pilang (acacia leucophloea) dan Walikukun (sckoutenia ovata) untuk bertengger dan tidur. Pohon lainya adalah Taiok (grewia koordersiana), Tekik (albizia lebbeckioides), Kemloko (phyllantus emblica), Kesambi (schleira oleosa) dan Intaran (azadiracta indica). Pohon-pohon tersebut terdapat ulat serta semut maupun rayap yang merupakan makanan si jambul. Sedangkan pohon yang dimanfaatkan Jalak Bali untuk bersarang adalah Klumprit (terminalia microcarpa), Laban (vitex pubescens), Talok (grewia koordersiana) dan Walikukun, tutur Gede Wiranatha. (T.I006/M008)

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