In 2005, Ni Komang Astiti & Dariusman Abdillah published an article on the temples of Nusa Penida in connection to their natural surroundings. For the entire Indonesian article, please click here. Below you'll find the English translation on Batumedau Temple by Godi Dijkman, including additional comments in square brackets.
Pura Batu Medahu
This temple is located on the beach at an elevation of 5m 'dpai' near the village of Suana, Nusa Penida, and astronomically situated at 8° 43' 49" South and 115° 36' 12" Lattitude. It is a 'Sad Kayangan' temple [everyone can pray here]. At the moment of this survey, large-scale restorations were executed, so two statues could be taken out of their storage place. These statue take the form of the embodiment of a god (perwudujan) with crossed legs, left arms/hands extended towards the knees, the right hand to the thighs. Its head shows the following characteristics: seemingly wrapped by a headscarf, large mouth, laughing, teeth with a protruding large fang, round bulging eyes, a 'haus' [=flat?] nose, protruding ears. These two statues have almost the same position, except for the fact that one of these two statues has lost its head.
Image above: 22 & 23. Two statues found at Pura Batu Medahu, one of them without head and the other with head, which seems to have come off
Surroundings of Pura Batu Medahu
Image 43 right. Tamarind tree estimated to have the same age as the statues found at Pura Batu Medahu, Suana
This temple is situated on the beach and on the eastern side of the temple, more precisely in the eastern corner of the temple, there is a very large Tamarind tree [Tamarindus indica; Pohon Asem Jawa], and according to adat spokespeople, this tree is of the same age as the statues found in this temple. This tree was once about to be felled by the local population, but this plan failed, so it is revered to the present day. Besides the Tamarind tree, to the left and right there are no other trees except for flowering plants used for offerings, whereas across the road in front of the temple there is a coconut plantation and weeds and grasses.
Images above: Tamarind tree and fruit (Wikipedia)
- Tamarind: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamarind
- Astiti, Ni Komang Ayu - & Abdillah, Dariusman - Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Alam untuk Mendukung Kegiatan Religi dari Manusia Prasejarah di Pulau Nusa Penida, Kabupaten Klungkung, Provinsi Bali, Laporan Penelitian Subbid. Laboratorium Artefak dan Ekofak, Bidang Arkeologi Sejarah dan Arkeometri; Jakarta 2005, 43pp.